Definition

Hair transplantation is a surgical procedure that is used to treat hair loss also called (alopecia). The tiny patches of scalp are removed from the back and sides of the head, and embed in the bald spots in the front and top of the head.

Purpose

Hair transplantation is a cosmetic procedure for both men and women who have hair loss, thinning of hair, or bald spots where hair no longer grows. In men, hair loss and baldness are mainly due to genetic factors and age.” Male pattern baldness”, in which the hairline gradually recedes to expose more and more of the forehead, is the most common form. Men also face a gradual thinning of hair at the crown, or on the very top of the skull. In case of women, hair loss is more commonly due to hormonal changes and is more likely to be a thinning of hair from the entire head. Transplants are also performed to replace hair lost due to burns, injury, or diseases of the scalp.

Destination:- Countries like Turkey, Singapore, India and USA etc. are famous for Hair Transplantation. Among these countries, India is preferred destination for Hair Transplantation because of its affordable treatment cost, experienced surgeons and having promising result as well.

Medical tourists club their vacations with medical treatment. The cost of medical treatments in western countries is exorbitant and they find India to be the right destination for getting quality advanced Hair treatments (Hair Transplantation) at affordable prices.

Medical tourists prefer to visit experienced surgeons of hair transplant in Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore, Pune and Hyderabad because these are metro cities and have world class facilities.

Demographics

An approximate of around 50,000 men do hair transplants every year.

Description

Hair transplantation surgery is performed onlyby physician who have specialty training in plastic surgery or, dermatology. Each surgery takes two to three hours during which around 250 grafts will be transplanted. A normal balding man may take up to 1,000 grafts to get good recovery of a bald area; simultaneously, a series of surgeries scheduled three to four months is usually required. Individuals may be completely in senses during the procedure with just a local anesthetic drug applied to insensitive areas of the scalp. Some persons may be given a drug that help them to relax or may be given an anesthetic drug that puts them to sleep.

The most common transplant procedure uses a thin strip of hair and scalp from the back of the head. This strip is cut into smaller groups of five or six hair. Tiny cuts are made in the balding area of the scalp, and a group is implanted into each cut. The doctor performing the surgery will try to recreate a natural-looking hairline along the forehead. Minecraft’s, micrograft’s, or implants of single hair gland can be used to fill in between larger implant sites and can provide a more natural-looking hairline. The implants will also be arranged so that thick and thin hair are scattered and the hair will grow in the same direction.

Another type of hair replacement surgery is called “scalp reduction”. This involves removing some of the skin from the hairless area and “stretching” some of the nearby hair-covered scalp over the cut-away area.

Health insurance won’t pay for hair transplants that are performed for cosmetic reasons. Insurance plans may only pay for hair replacement surgery to correct hair loss due to accidents, burns, or disease.

It is important to be realistic about what the result of a hair transplant will look like. This procedure does not create new hair. Rather, it simply redistributes the hair that an individual still has. Chest hair are experimentally transplanted onto the scalp.

Diagnosis/Preparation

Although hair transplantation is a simple procedure, but some risks are always associated with any surgery. It is important to inform the physician about any medicationsthat iscurrently being used and also about the previous allergic reactions to drugs or anesthetic agents. People with blood-clotting disorders also need to inform their physician before the procedure is performed.

It is important to find a respected, well-established, experienced surgeon and discuss the expected results prior to the surgery. The candidate may need to do blood tests to check for bleeding or clotting problems and is usually asked not to take aspirin products before the surgery. The type of anesthesia that will be used will depend on how extensive the surgery will be and the way it will be performed. The candidate may be awake during the procedure, but is usually given medication to cause relaxation. A local anesthetic drug that numbs the area will be applied or injected into the skin during the time of surgery.

Aftercare

The areas involved in transplantation need to be bandaged for overnight. People can recover to earlier days within a day. exhausting activities should be avoided in first few days after the surgery. On rare cases, the implants can be ejected from the scalp during vigorous workout. There may be some swelling, headache, and discomfort around the graft areas and around the eyes. These symptoms usually can  be controlled with a mild pain relief such as aspirin. Scabs may form at the graft sites and should not be scraped off. There may be some sensation at the sites, but it will diminish within two to three months.

Risks

Although there are only few cases of infection or scarring, butthe major risk is that the grafted area may not looklike the way the patient expected it to look.

Normal results

The transplanted hair will fall out in few weeks; and, new hair will start to grow in the graft sites within about three months. A normal rate of hair growth is 0.25–0.5 in (6–13 mm) per month.

Morbidity and mortality rates

Major problems of hair transplantation are very rare. Sometimes, a person may have problems with late healing, infection, scarring, or rejection of the graft; but these are not very common.

Alternatives

There are certain alternatives to hair transplantation. The two most common include lotions containing drugs and wigs.

WHO PERFORMS THE PROCEDURE AND WHERE IS IT PERFORMED?

Hair transplantation is performed by a physician with specialty training in plastic and cosmetic surgery or dermatology. It may beeither performed in a professional office, outpatient, or in hospital setting.

QUESTIONS TO ASK THE DOCTOR

  • What will be the result?
  • Is the doctor board certified in plastic and reconstructive surgery or in dermatology?
  • How many hair transplantation procedures has the doctor performed earlier?